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Macau is a semi-autonomous, special administrative region of China covering an area of 23.8 sq km. A former Portuguese colony, Macau occupies a small peninsula and two islands off China's southern coast. Although it is part of China, Macau is governed under the "one country, two systems" principle, under which it has a large degree of autonomy. Bordering China, Macau is generally flat and has 41 km of coastline. The currency is the pataca, and exports include clothing and textiles. The population of approximately 560,000 people comprises an ethnic makeup that is 94.3% Chinese. The primary languages are Cantonese and Portuguese, and the predominant religion is Buddhism and Christianity.